DALTON-PLAN AS SYSTEM OF TEACHING PROCESS ORGANIZATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EDUCATIVE PEDAGOGICAL DISCOURSE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY

Vorobiova, Lolita and Воробйова, Лоліта Валеріївна and Воробьева, Лолита Валерьевна DALTON-PLAN AS SYSTEM OF TEACHING PROCESS ORGANIZATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EDUCATIVE PEDAGOGICAL DISCOURSE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY. Збірник наукових праць Уманського державного педагогічного університету (1). pp. 23-28. ISSN 2307-4906Online ISSN: 2307-4906

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Abstract

In the article it is investigated and analyzed the peculiarities of the American educational system of Dalton-Plan, which is based on the individualized education and its implementation into the teaching and educational process of the soviet school at the beginning of the 20-th century. The adopted Dalton Plan model had the form of the “brigade laboratory method”. The work highlights the Dalton-Plan as the system of the teaching and educational work’s organization based on the principal of individual training. It is analyzed the published works of the soviet educators both in the specialized and periodical publications. They were focused on the Dalton-Plan description, its main components and sharing their experience of using and implementing the Dalton-plan while teaching in the soviet school over the 1921 to 1925 period. It was implemented in the wide range of schools such as secondary schools, party schools, high party schools, military schools, evening schools for workers, political courses, “work faculties” ("RabFaks") and faculties of the pedagogical educational establishments. The issue of the Dalton-Plan adjustment into the soviet educational system in the form of “brigade-laboratory method” is studied. The changed Dalton-plan mainstray was individual work by the plan got from the teacher, which included assigned tasks and references on the sources to fulfill them both in the laboratory and at home. It had been changed into the group work in the brigades. The reasons of the “brigade-laboratory method” negative and critical estimation are stated. The latter are based on the non-correspondence of individualism as basic Dalton Plan’s principle with the collectivism, as one of the main concepts in the soviet education.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dalton plan, Parkhurst, individualized education, “brigade-laboratory method”, Soviet Union
Subjects: Research materials > Journal articles
Research materials > Journal articles > Humanities
Divisions: Educational and Scientific Institute of Economics, Management and Administration > Department of Foreign Philology, Ukrainian Studies and Social Law Disciplines
Depositing User: Адміністратор репозиторію
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2023 16:14
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 16:14
URI: http://elibrary.donnuet.edu.ua/id/eprint/2640

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