Linguopragmatic Analysis of New Vocabulary

Удовіченко, Ганна Михайлівна and Udovichenko, Hannah and Удовиченко, Анна Михайловна (2020) Linguopragmatic Analysis of New Vocabulary. Modern scientific researchese, 14 (3). pp. 142-150. ISSN 2523-4692


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Lexical composition is the area of the language system that is most prone to change: human activity, natural phenomena, life of flora and fauna, all the realities of the surrounding are reflected in the vocabulary of the language, which is sensitive to any changes in any areas of life. Over the past century and a half, the vocabulary of most languages has undergone significant transformations: changes in the political and social system of many countries, the rapid development of science, technology and other areas of human activity and all this has led to the so-called neological boom with the help of new lexical units. Due to the emergence of new realities (objects, concepts) there is a need for their name, this process is natural and, we note, not new to the modern period, as the history of many languages knows examples of vocabulary enrichment (filling lexical gaps) of varying intensity. The article presents a study of new vocabulary in the aspect of functional lexicology, which requires reference to the theoretical principles of linguopragmatic description of the word. The definition of the term "pragmatics" is interpreted differently by scholars. Based on the analyzed literature, we can conclude about the reality of the existence in the semantic structure of the meaning of the word pragmatic components. In this case, it would be erroneous to claim that the pragmatics of the word correlates with one single aspect of the structure of the word meaning. The existence of a certain typology of pragmatic components in the meaning of the word is determined. We proceed from the scheme of the structure of the lexical meaning of the word, developed by M. Nikitin, according to which in the meaning of the meaning of the word are: intentional (core meaning), implicational (all stereotypical associations, traditionally associated with denotation) and emotional (subjective-evaluative component of content). It is proved that there is a dialectical relationship between the type of pragmatic components and the parameters of the pragmatic situation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: new vocabulary, pragmatics, functional lexicology, word meaning
Subjects: Research materials > Journal articles
Research materials > Journal articles > Humanities
Divisions: Educational and Scientific Institute of Economics, Management and Administration > Department of Foreign Philology, Ukrainian Studies and Social Law Disciplines
Depositing User: Адміністратор репозиторію
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2021 09:13
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2021 09:13

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